# Moment capacity (Columns: BS 5950)

The moment capacity check is performed
according to BS 5950-1: 2000 clause 4.2.5 for the moment about the x-x axis and about the
y-y axis, M_{x} and M_{y}, at the point under consideration. The moment
capacity can be influenced by the magnitude of the shear force (“low shear” and “high shear”
conditions). The maximum absolute shear to either side of a point of interest is used to
determine the moment capacity for that direction.

## High shear condition about x-x axis

The treatment of high shear is axis dependent. In this release for CHS, if high shear is present, the moment capacity about the x-x axis is not calculated, the check is given a Beyond Scope status and an associated explanatory message.

## High shear condition about y-y axis

For rolled sections in the current release, if high shear is present normal to the y-y axis then the moment capacity about the y-y axis is not calculated, the check is given a Beyond Scope status and an associated explanatory message.

For hollow sections, there is greater potential for the section to be used to resist the principal moments in its minor axis. Of course for CHS and SHS there is no major or minor axis and so preventing high shear arbitrarily on one of the two principal axes does not make sense. Nevertheless, if high shear is present normal to the y-y axis then in this release the moment capacity about the y-y axis is not calculated, the check is given a Beyond Scope status and an associated explanatory message.

## Note

Not all cases of high shear in two directions combined with moments in two directions along with axial load are considered thoroughly by BS 5950-1: 2000.

The following approach is adopted by Tekla Structural Designer:

- if high shear is present in one axis or both axes and axial load is also present, the cross-section capacity check is given a Beyond Scope status. The message associated with this status is “High shear and axial load are present, additional hand calculations are required for cross-section capacity to Annex H.3”. Tekla Structural Designer does not perform any calculations for this condition.
- if high shear and moment is present in both axes and there is no axial load (“biaxial bending”) the cross-section capacity check is given a Beyond Scope status and the associated message is, “High shear present normal to the y-y axis, no calculations are performed for this condition.”
- if high shear is present normal to the y-y axis and there is no axial load, the y-y moment check and the cross-section capacity check are each given Beyond Scope statuses. The message associated with this condition is, “High shear present normal to the y-y axis, no calculations are performed for this condition.”