Concrete beam and column groups
Why use design and detailing groups?
Concrete beams and columns and isolated foundations are put into groups for two reasons:
- For editing purposes - individual design groups can be selected and displayed graphically so that their properties can be changed as a group in the properties window.
- For design and detailing purposes - to standardise designs, reduce processing time, and reduce the volume of output created.
In a manual process, the Engineer might select a number of sufficiently similar members to form a "design group" to carry out a single design that is sufficient for all members in the group. Using this single set of design results, they would then create sub-groups of the members in the design group to produce a set of output details for each of these sub-groups.
In Tekla Structural Designer, concrete design groups are analogous to the manually created design groups described above. Concrete detailing groups are analogous to the sub-groups.
A fixed set of rules are used to automatically determine member groups: for example beams must be of similar spans, columns must have the same number of stacks, bases must be of similar lengths in X and Y, and similar depths etc. The same rules also constrain manual group editing.
From the Design tab, click Settings> Design Groups, then select or unselect the member types to be designed in groups.
What happens in the group design process?
When the option to design a specific concrete member type using groups is checked, for that member type:
- In each design group the first member to be designed is selected arbitrarily. A full design is carried out on this member and the reinforcement so obtained is copied to all other members in the group.
- These other members are then checked one by one to verify that the reinforcement is adequate for each and if this proves not to be the case, it is increased as necessary and the revised reinforcement is copied to all members in the group.
- This process continues until all members in the group have been satisfactorily checked.
- A final check design is then carried out on each group member. During this process peak and individual utilizations are established.
Design group requirements
Concrete member design groups are formed according to the following rules:
|Member type||Design group rules|
Detailing group requirements
Each parent design group is sub-divided into one or more detailing groups.
Although there can be a "1 to 1" relationship between a design group and a detailing group, in practice there will often be a "1 to many" relationship as each design group is likely to require several detailing groups to allow for differences in the connected geometry.
Detailing groups are formed for the different concrete member types based on the following rules:
|Member type||Design group rules|
Concrete beams and columns are grouped automatically.
In Model Settings > Grouping the user defined Maximum length variation is used to control whether elements are sufficiently similar to be considered equivalent for grouping purposes.
After assessing the design efficiency of each group, you are able to review design groups and make adjustments if required from the Groups tab of the Project Workspace.
Detailing groups cannot be edited manually.
Regroup ALL Model Members
If you have made changes in Design Settings that affect grouping, you can update the groups accordingly from the Groups tab of the Project Workspace by clicking Re-group ALL Model Members.
Model Editing and Group Validity Checks
When new beam elements are created when a "split" or "join" command is run the resulting beam elements are automatically placed in existing design and detailing groups [or new groups created].